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Prosem Lecture: Neuroimaging of Infants and Young Children: Insights Into Brain Development
November 1, 2021 @ 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
Presenter: Douglas C. Dean III, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Waisman Center
Topic: Neuroimaging of Infants and Young Children: Insights Into Brain Development
The development of the brain is a lifelong process that results in a remarkable transformation of the neural architecture; however, this change is perhaps most rapid during the first years of life. Processes that are fundamental to brain connectivity and that help facilitate the advancement of higher-level cognitive functioning, undergo a rapid and pronounced pattern of development that is accelerated from birth to 5 years. Moreover, the neural substrates that govern individual differences toward vulnerability or resilience to adversity likely develop during this period, making neurodevelopmental processes susceptible to early experiences and alterations. Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging makes it possible to acquire measurable and re producible quantities that can provide insight into the underlying processes of early brain development as well as allow one to begin to explore emerging relationships between cognition and developmental disability. In this talk, I will highlight recent advancements in imaging infants and young children and describe how quantitative MRI techniques are being used to gain a better understanding of the highly dynamic and nonlinear mechanisms that support early brain development.