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Prosem Lecture: mTBI-Related Cognitive-Communication Disorders: Updates in Epidemiological, Qualitative, Behavioral and Neurobiological Evidence
October 31 @ 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
Rocío S. Norman, Ph.D., CCC-SLP
Assistant Professor, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Texas Health Science Center San Antonio
Investigator, Polytrauma Rehabilitation Center, Department of Veterans Affairs, South Texas Veterans Health Care System
Visiting Researcher, University of Texas at San Antonio, Department of Neuroscience, Developmental and Regenerative Biology
Topic: mTBI-Related Cognitive-Communication Disorders: Updates in Epidemiological, Qualitative, Behavioral and Neurobiological Evidence
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), or concussion, affects as many as 6-8 million Americans and over 55 million worldwide annually (Dewan et al., 2018). The mixed causalities of mTBI include: sport-related concussion, military injuries, and mixed mechanism injuries, such as falls and car accidents. This is a public health crisis (Lippman, 2014), resulting in a rapid increase in demand for rehabilitation services. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs) have been identified as important members of interdisciplinary teams in each of these etiologies and across the lifespan (Collins et al., 2016; Mashima et al., 2019; The Management of Concussion-mild Traumatic Brain Injury Working Group, 2016; Brown et al., 2019; Lundine et al., 2019). MTBI can cause impairments in attention, memory, executive and social functions, all of which affect communication (Hardin & Kelly, 2019). Cognitive-communication dysfunction after mTBI can impact all areas of language, including auditory processing and comprehension, verbal expression, reading, writing, and social communication as well as speech behaviors (Hardin & Kelly, 2019). The current presentation will provide updates on mTBI-related cognitive communication disorders research using a variety of scientific designs and approaches and outline clinical implications for everyday practice.
Funding: The project described was supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, National Institutes of Health, through Grant KL2 TR002646. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH. This work was also supported by the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Health Affairs endorsed by the Department of Defense, through the Psychological Health/Traumatic Brain Injury Research Program Long-Term Impact of Military-Relevant Brain Injury Consortium (LIMBIC) Award W81XWH-18-PH/TBIRP-LIMBIC.