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Prosem Lecture: The Relationship Between Language and Planning in Children with Language Impairment
September 24 @ 12:00 pm - 1:00 pm
Presenter: Carrie Larson, M.Ed. CCC-SLP/L, Doctoral Student, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Topic: The Relationship Between Language and Planning in Children with Language Impairment
This study examined the relationship between language and planning, a higher-order executive function skill, in children with specific language impairment (SLI) and age-matched typically developing peers (TD). We hypothesized differences between groups in planning performance and in the role of verbal mediation during planning. Language ability was assessed via a standardized language measure and planning via the Tower of London using a dual-task paradigm. Although accuracy was similar between children with SLI and TD, we found group differences in planning and execution time. There was also a significant three-way interaction among group, language ability, and planning time when verbal mediation was disrupted. This study provides evidence for a relationship between language and planning, yet this relationship differed across children with SLI compared to TD peers. Findings represent possible evidence that children with SLI relied on nonlinguistic perceptual strategies for this visuospatial planning task.